1st Prize Green Building Festival 2014, Moscow
Single family homes, housing for researchers and professors
17 000 sqm
OOO Odas “Skolkovo”
In early 2010, the Russian President Dmitri Medvedev announced the creation of a vast technology innovation
centre in the suburbs to the south of Moscow
The intention is that this centre should be able to rival California’s Silicon Valley. Imagined by Vladimir Putin to resemble the famous Star City in the ex-Soviet Union and transposed to a universe incorporating all leading edge technologies, this complex will house research and university laboratories, established and start-up companies, networking and seminar hubs, as well as friendly residential zones. On conclusion of a Russian competition, each district has been given to a different internationally known architect (Sanaa, OMA, Boeri, etc.).
The AAAB et associés agency is experimenting with a new approach to ecological town planning for this complex which will be housing researchers and their families in single family homes as well as providing them with a living environment that encourages social interaction.
Much like penguins on an ice shelf forming a circle to share their heat, a hundred villas are grouped ten by ten in a vast clearing surrounded by a waterway able to drain away the melting snow. The intention is to create micro-communities organised around a central space that provides the
atmosphere of a village square. All the low energy houses are different from one another, providing each occupant with his or her specific identity within this urban complex. Their modular framework design – initially intended to be in wood but finally constructed in concrete by a Russian contractor while nevertheless retaining their planted roofs – permits the low-cost, rapid and diversified construction of the complex. Integrated into the topography, the public
and shared services located in the heart of the project provide a landmark for cars entering the site and a real social link for all the inhabitants.
While respecting the continuity of the biotope, the project recommends soft modes of transport, the use of renewable energies, and the intelligent collection of water with conservation of natural flow rates.