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Maritime expansion in Monaco
A calm sea
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Maritime expansion in Monaco

Monaco, Monaco

2007

Program

Residential housing, villas, service facilities, tourism facilities, shops, museum

A calm sea

As from 1865, the Principality of Monaco began constructing its first coastal embankments to accommodate the railways.
At the same time, at the base of the Rock and Mont Charles, construction began in the 5.5 hectare Fontvieille district. A century later, the district found itself occupied by 220,000 square metres of surface area. This territorial growth was relaunched in 2006 by Prince Albert II of Monaco through an
international competition aiming to reclaim around ten additional hectares from the sea on which to build 275,000 m² of residential housing and villas alongside service, tourist and cultural facilities. “As an ecological model that will also act as a reference in terms of technologies, the newly reclaimed land will need to harmoniously integrate into Monaco’s identity and history without having any damaging
impact on the marine environment” specified the monarch in the programme. The resolutely contemporary project, ambitious but realistic, imagined by the team of architects
working with Anthony Bechu (leader) – Rainier Boisson, Alain-Charles Perrot and Jacques Rougerie – claims above all else to be a gesture showing how it is possible to develop a city in a way that preserves nature.
This maritime extension proposal will pragmatically resolve oceanographic, urban and bioclimatic constraints and encourage a horizontal and vertical mix over all the districts. It will also provide a vast land reserve conducive to a long-term urban development that will allow the resources available on the site and the energies provided by the sea
and the sun to be sustainably used. Respectful of existing ecosystems, this virtuous sea- and land-scape “floats” over decks that themselves bear on foundations taking the form of four to six columns lying over substructures immerged
to a depth of 35 to 80 metres to avoid disturbing water cycles or navigation routes. Based on the layout of these columns, the infrastructure architecture will create the first underwater cathedral. This structure, permeable to seabed and surface currents, will allow the penetration of natural light, a factor indispensable for the development of
Mediterranean flora and fauna to be found in this
remarkable environmental oasis.

COMPETITION

Concept

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Maritime expansion in Monaco

Principauté de Monaco,
98000 Monaco
Monaco